Records and references

You can see glimpses of Wolf Klaphake's life in records held by government and private archives. The records in the custody of the National Archives of Australia are particularly useful for shedding light on Klaphake's internment during World War II.

This section provides:

  • a list of National Archives records referenced in the text
  • links to relevant digitised files in the National Archives RecordSearch database
  • a brief overview of the records featured on this website.

See the Internment page for information about records and resources on internment and internees, including a list of secondary sources.

Further reading

Barcs, Emery, 1990, Backyard of Mars: Memoirs of the 'Reffo' Period in Australia, Wildcat Press, Sydney. Barcs was a Hungarian journalist who arrived in Australia as a refugee in 1939 and wrote about his internment experiences in Liverpool and Tatura in these memoirs.

Bevege, Margaret, 1993, Behind Barbed Wire: Internment in Australia During World War, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia, is a comprehensive albeit largely uncritical account of internment in Australia.

Cain, Frank, 1983, The Origins of Political Surveillance in Australia, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, for those interested in the role of the Australian security services.

Disher, Garry, 1988, The Stencil Man, Collins, Sydney. This novel provides an insight into the internal dynamics of the Tatura No. 1 camp; its main protagonist, Martin Paul Linke, is a naturalised German who is interned in Liverpool and Tatura and refuses to conform to the expectations of the Nazi camp hierarchy.

Hayes, Peter, 2001, Industry and Ideology: IG Farben in the Nazi Era, 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. A very readable analysis of the complex relationship between the IG Farben company and the Nazi state.

Hubbard, Arthur John and George Hubbard, 1905, Neolithic Dew-Ponds and Cattleways, Longmans, Green & Co., London. Klaphake was almost certainly influenced by the Hubbard's book, and spent some time in England in the early 1930s to study the dew ponds used by English peasants.

Klaphake, Wolf, 1923, Ueber Säureflockung von Suspensoidsolen, Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde an der Hohen Philosophischen Fakultät der Universität Leipzig (PhD thesis), University of Leipzig. Klaphake's 1923 thesis is the only text written by him and accessible in a library.

Klaus Neumann, 2006, In the Interest of National Security: Civilian Internment in Australia During World War II, National Archives of Australia, Canberra.

Klaus Neumann, 'Victims of "unnecessary hardship and mental torture": Walter Stolting, Wolf Klaphake, and other incompatibles in wartime Australia', in J Beaumont, I Martinuzzi O'Brien and M Trinca, eds, Under Suspicion: Citizenship and Internment in Australia during the Second World War, National Museum of Australia, Canberra.

Nelson, Robert A, 2003, 'Air Wells, Dew Ponds & Fog Fences', (Condensing Atmospheric Humidity for Potable Water), published online at This paper contains a summary of attempts to utilise dew for the generation of potable water and refers to Klaphake's experiments.

Pearce, Fred, 2002, 'The rainmaker', New Scientist, vol. 173, no. 2327, p. 40. This article features a contemporary attempt to build a 'dew-making machine'.

Saunders, Kay and Roger Daniels (eds), 2000, Alien Justice: Wartime Internment in Australia and North America, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia, is a collection of articles, with two contributions by Kay Saunders about the internment of Australian residents during World War II.

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